Elizabeth Baltes

Assistant Professor of Art History, Department of Visual Arts, Coastal Carolina University
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Elizabeth Baltes received her PhD in Greek and Roman Art & Archaeology from Duke in 2016. Her research interests lie at the intersection of sculpture, politics, and public space in the Greek world. She has published on the changing statue landscapes of both ancient Athens and the sacred island of Delos. Her current project, tentatively titled, “Portraits of Honor, Monuments of Disrepute,” traces the practice of setting up public honorific portrait statues from antiquity to the present. Through a series of cases studies, it also examines the variety of responses to existing monuments when communities no longer wish to hold these individuals up as exemplars worthy of such honors. She is the recipient of numerous fellowships and awards, and her dissertation research was supported by the Archaeological Institute of America.



The Museum Inside Out



Building Duke

Death, burial and commemoration in Athens from antiquity to the late 19th century


Statues Speak

Publications & Presentations


Dillon, Sheila, and Elizabeth Palmer Baltes. “Honorific Practices and the Politics of Space on Hellenistic Delos.” American Journal of Archaeology 117 (2013): 207-46.

Book Chapters

Baltes, Elizabeth P. “Itinerant Statues? The Portrait Landscape of the Athenian Agora,” in Greek Art in Context, edited by D. Rodríguez-Pérez. Ashgate, in press.


Baltes, Elizabeth P. “Dedication and Display of Portrait Statues in Hellenistic Greece: Spatial Practices and Identity Politics.” PhD dissertation, 2016.


Baltes, Elizabeth P. “In the Round: Using Digital Technologies to Recontextualize Classical Sculpture,” University of North Carolina/Duke Classics Colloquium, Chapel Hill, NC. March 20, 2010.

Baltes, Elizabeth P. “The 3-D Model, Double-Spaced with 1” Margins: Reformulating the Digital Dissertation,” Panel Presentation, Digital Scholarly Communication – Notes from the Wired! Lab for Digital Historical Visualization, HASTAC 2011 Conference, Ann Arbor, MI, December 2, 2011.

Baltes, Elizabeth P. “Three Art Historians, a Computer Scientist, and a Digital Artist Walk into a Classroom…” Panel Presentation, Art Historians Interested in Pedagogy and Technology (AHPT), Annual meeting of the Southeastern College Art Conference (SECAC), Greensboro, NC. November 1, 2013.

Baltes, Elizabeth P. “A Critique of Digital Modeling,” Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology – Greece Conference, Rethymno, Greece. March 7-8, 2014.

Baltes, Elizabeth P., Caroline Bruzelius, Hannah L. Jacobs, and Timothy Shea. “Digital Thinking and Art History: Re-Imagining Teaching, Research, and the Museum.” Intermezzo Speaking Series, Art, Art History & Visual Studies. Duke University, Durham, NC. September 29, 2015.

Olson, Mark J.V. and Elizabeth P. Baltes, Erica Sherman, Victoria Szabo. “Digital Scholarly Communication – Notes from the Wired! Lab for Digital Historical Visualization,” HASTAC 2011 Conference, Ann Arbor, MI, December 02, 2011.

William Broom

Project Manager, The Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database

William Broom is an independent research assistant and project coordinator for the Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database, with extensive  experience in creating FileMaker Pro databases and the development of image cataloging and visualization projects. For many years he also served as visual resources curator and IT analyst in the Department of Art, Art History & Visual Studies. As associate slide curator during the mid-1980s he implemented the first computerized image cataloging system in the visual resources unit. In the early 1990s Bill created Duke’s first digital image-study resource which deployed stand-alone computer clusters in two university libraries for students’ out-of-class study of art history images.

Bill received his undergraduate and master’s degrees in vocal music. He pursued doctoral studies in musicology at the University of Louisville with a secondary concentration in art history, and speaks and/or reads Italian, French, Spanish and German with varying fluency. In his current affiliate appointment with the Kingdom of Sicily image project he supervises student and affiliate catalogers, reviews data entries, helps track tasking and implementation issues, and serves as a technical liaison between the project’s directors and its chief database and web developer.

Francesco Gangemi

Scientific Assistant, Bibliotheca Hertziana, Max-Planck Institute for Art History

Francesco Gangemi is the Scientific Assistant at the Bibliotheca Hertziana, Max-Planck Institute for Art History, in Rome. He was trained both as art historian and as archivist, and received a Ph.D. in History of Medieval Art from the Sapienza University of Rome. He has been awarded Post-Doctoral Fellowships from the Fritz Thyssen Foundation, and from the Italian Academy at Columbia University in New York.

Francesco specializes in medieval architecture and sculpture in central and southern Italy. His recent projects focus on the relationship between the Emperor Frederick II Hohenstaufen and sacred architecture, especially in the Adriatic area, and on the post-disaster landscape of cultural heritage, with special reference to the built environment affected by the recent earthquakes in central Italy.


The Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database

Olga Grlic

Olga Grlic brings to the Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database special expertise in medieval Norman architecture in Southern Italy and an extensive background in languages, including French, Latin, Italian and Croatian.  Dr. Grlic received her Ph.D. in Comparative Literature and Medieval Studies from the University of California, Berkeley, having already completed a M.A. in Comparative Literature there.  Her undergraduate degrees were in French and Spanish from University of Zagreb, Croatia.  From 2014 to 2016 she was Visiting Lecturer in the Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.  She has published on Dante and made numerous translations from French to English.


The Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database

Michael O’Sullivan

Research Assistant, The Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database
Class of 2017 | Major in Psychology

Michael O’Sullivan is from Garden City, NY. He attended Chaminade High School in Mineola, NY and earned a degree in Psychology from Duke in 2017. He is working on the Kingdom of Sicily database researching world war II photography of monuments from southern Italy.



The Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database

Mariano Tepper

Postdoctoral Associate, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University

Mariano Tepper received the Ph.D. degree from the Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina in 2011, the M.Sc. degree in Applied Mathematics from the ENS Cachan, France in 2007, and the Licentiate degree in Computer Science from the Universidad de Buenos Aires in 2006. From 2011 to 2012 he was a postdoctoral research associate at the University of Minnesota, USA, and he currently is a postdoctoral associate at Duke University, USA. His research interests include image processing and analysis, computer vision, pattern recognition, machine learning, optimization, and network analysis, and their application to medicine, social sciences, and art.


The Lives of Things

David Tremmel

Analyst, IT - Administrative Database Services, Trinity Technology Services

David Tremmel is a database and web developer in Trinity Technology Services, the Information Technology (IT) support unit for Trinity College of Arts & Sciences at Duke. While his formal training is in the biological sciences (PhD in Plant Ecology), he has always had an interest in and aptitude for computer programming. As a postdoc at Duke he developed a popular piece of research software used to analyze images of plant roots. After working in the sciences for many years at Duke – where he managed the Duke University Phytotron, which was at that time an NSF-funded national research facility – he moved into a career in IT. In his current role he develops databases and web sites for faculty and staff in Arts & Sciences. In addition to working on database projects to facilitate administrative workflows, he has also provided database and web solutions for faculty research projects in several A&S departments, including Biology, Music, and Romance Languages. His initial involvement with Wired! projects was as the database and web developer for Caroline Bruzelius’s project on architecture in the Medieval Kingdom of Sicily.


The Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database

Paola Vitolo

Co-PI, The Medieval Kingdom of Italy Image Database | Assistant Professor, History of Medieval Art, University of Catania

Paola Vitolo is Researcher and Assistant Professor in the History of Medieval Art at the University of Catania (Italy). Vitolo has collaborated with the Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database since its creation in 2011, initially as Project Manager (2011-15) and now as Co-PI.

Her research interests include female patronage, the reuse and reinterpretation of medieval works of art in later periods, the social status of medieval artists and the organization of workshops. She also has experience in the use of historical images and their critical interpretation. She has a number of publications in this area of study and also teaches related topics  at the University of Catania.

Her publications appear in specialized journals and in conference acts. She has received fellowships from the DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdients, German Program of Academic Exchange), the Warburg Institute-School of Advanced Studies, University of London, the Italian Academy (Columbia University, New York, USA), the Bibliotheca Hertziana (Max-Plank Gesellschaft für Kunstgeschichte), Rome; and the Centre d’Études Superieures de Civilisation Mèdièvale, Poitiers (France). She is also a  collaborator on research projects at other Italian and European institutions.


The Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Image Database


Joseph Williams

PhD in Art, Art History & Visual Studies '17
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Joseph Williams researches 12th- and 13th-century architecture in Southern Italy, with a particular focus on construction techniques and pan-Mediterranean exchanges of specialized knowledge. Williams holds a Ph.D. in Art History from Duke University, where he studied with Caroline Bruzelius. He received his BA from Bates College and a Master’s degree in Art History from the Courtauld Institute of Art.

Williams’s dissertation Mediterranean Trade and Architectural Production: The Church of S. Corrado in Molfetta (Apulia) ca. 1100-1300 CE considered how the expanding trade and communications of the medieval Mediterranean transformed the industry of large-scale church building. Through a mixed method of construction archaeology and comparative analysis, he examined the financial structures, building process, and technical specializations of a single church. This work was supported by a number of awards and fellowships, including a Phyllis W. G. Gordan/Lily Auchincloss/Samuel H. Kress Foundation pre-doctoral Rome Prize at the American Academy in Rome (September 2016 – July 2018).

A long-term collaborator in the Wired! Lab at Duke, Williams uses a number of digital technologies in his research, including digital photogrammetry (3-D modeling from photographs), a tool that allows close study of architectural proportions and construction process, and GIS (Geographic Information Systems), which he uses to trace the circulation of constructive knowledge among various churches. As Project Manager of the Kingdom of Sicily Image Database, Williams has researched and edited historic material for the website, coordinated a student team to find relevant images in American collections, and organized institutional outreach, such as a site visit to the Library of Congress in Washington DC. His current goals for this project include training new collaborators and presenting the website at conferences.


Introduction to Art History


The Alife Arch

The Medieval Kingdom of Sicily Database

Publications & Presentations


Medieval Kingdom of Sicily: A Database of Monuments and Sites. Project Director: Caroline Bruzelius; Project Managers: Paola Vitolo and Joseph C. Williams; Project Collaborators: Gabriella Cianciolo, Francesco Gangemi, Luciana Mocciola, Ruggero Longo, Alba Irollo; Metadata and Image Management Consultant: John J. Taormina; Technical Consultant and Database/Web Developer: David Tremmel.


Williams, Joseph C. “Mediterranean Trade and Architectural Production: The Church of S. Corrado in Molfetta (Apulia) ca. 1100-1300 CE.” PhD dissertation, forthcoming.